Carbon Connects


Project Summary

WELCOME! 

Carbon Connects aims to reduce the high carbon footprint of peatland soils in Northwest Europe by introducing new bio-based business models developed for sustainable land management practices.

Peatland restoration is an important component of the world’s journey to net-zero carbon emissions.
When healthy, peatlands are incredible carbon stores and potential carbon sinks – yet, if allowed to degrade, they threaten biodiversity, release pollutants into the environment and thwart climate change
mitigation and adaptation goals everywhere. 

Join us on our journey - read, learn, share and get inspired to protect peatlands!

#PeatlandMatters 

  

 NEW:

POLICY BRIEF CCONNECTS Jan2022

PUBLICATION: TOWARDS A CARBON CREDIT & BLUE CREDIT SCHEME FOR PEATLANDS -> Watch the launch

Value Chain Analysis in the Region of the UK Pilot Sites

The first-ever Peatland Pavilion at UNFCCC COP26

Peatlands Across Europe: Innovation & Inspiration Guide 

C-TOOLBOX

 

Find out more

PROJECT VIDEO EN GE NL FR

PROJECT BROCHURE EN GE NL FR

PROJECT OVERVIEW EN

PROJECT PUBLICATIONS HERE

SET - CALCULATE YOUR OWN SITE EMISSION HERE 

DISCOVER OUR PILOT SITES HERE

MONTHLY UPDATES HERE

 

 

 

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PROJECT VIDEO EN GE NL FR

OTHER MONTHLY UPDATES HERE

Project Partners

  • Province of North Brabant

    1 Brabantlaan
    Den Bosch
    5216 TV
    Netherlands

    View partner details

  • The Rivers Trust

    Rain-Charm House, Kyl Cober Parc, Stoke Climsland
    Callington, Cornwall
    PL178PH
    United Kingdom

    View partner details

  • Flanders research institute for agriculture, fisheries and food

    72 Gulden Vlieslaan
    Brussels
    1060
    Belgium

    View partner details

  • European Landowners Organization

    67 Rue de Trèves
    Brussels
    b-1040
    Belgium

    View partner details

  • Association of the Chambers of Agriculture of the Atlantic Area

    1 Maison d’agriculture, Rue P.A. Bobierre – La Géraudière
    Nantes
    44939
    France

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  • Philipps-University Marburg

    10 Deutschhaustraße
    Marburg
    35032
    Germany

    View partner details

  • Limerick Institute of Technology

    Moylish Park
    Limerick
    V94E8YF
    Ireland

    View partner details

  • North Pennines AONB Partnership

    1 Martin Street, Stanhope, DL13 2UY

    View partner details

  • Flemish Land Agency

    Koning Albert II-laan 15 - 1210 Brussels

    View partner details

  • Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Science

    26a Larensteinselaan
    Velp
    6882CT
    Netherlands

    View partner details

Lead partner

Organisation Address Email Website
Van Hall Larenstein University of Applied Science 26a Larensteinselaan
Velp
6882CT
Netherlands
toine.smits@hvhl.nl https://www.vhluniversity.com/about-us
Name Contact Name Email Country
Province of North Brabant Frank Van Lamoen fvlamoen@brabant.nl Netherlands
The Rivers Trust Rob Collins rob@theriverstrust.org United Kingdom
Flanders research institute for agriculture, fisheries and food Frank Stubbe Frank.Stubbe@vlm.be Belgium
European Landowners Organization Anna De Boeck anna.deboeck@elo.org Belgium
Association of the Chambers of Agriculture of the Atlantic Area Pascal Dagron contact@ac3a.chambagri.fr France
Philipps-University Marburg Markus Hassler hassler@uni-marburg.de Germany
Limerick Institute of Technology Seamus Hoyne seamus.hoyne@lit.ie Ireland
Wear Rivers Trust Martin Colling martin.colling@wear-rivers-trust.org.uk United Kingdom
North Pennines AONB Partnership Paul Leadbitter pleadbitter@northpenninesaonb.org.uk United Kingdom
Flemish Land Agency Edgard Daemen edgard.daemen@vlm.be Belgium
Durham County Council Paul Leadbitter pleadbitter@northpenninesaonb.org.uk United Kingdom
Radboud University Nijmegen Jeroen Geurts J.Geurts@science.ru.nl Netherlands
Waterschap Dommel Gert-Jan van Duinen G.vanDuinen@science.ru.nl Netherlands
Staatsbosbeheer (forestry service) Klaas Van der Laan k.laan@staatsbosbeheer.nl Netherlands
Waterschap Aa en Maas Gert-Jan van Duinen G.vanDuinen@science.ru.nl Netherlands
ILVO (Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research) Greet Ruysschaert Greet.Ruysschaert@ilvo.vlaanderen.be Belgium
Chamber of Agriculture Pays de la Loire Véronique Chauvin Veronique.CHAUVIN@loire-atlantique.chambagri.fr France

UPCOMING: 

PAST EVENTS: 

Follow our news and activities on Twitter:  @CarbonConnects 

25/1/2022 NEW PUBLICATION: Quantifying moss moisture stresses in undrained, afforested and rewetted peatlands

Quantifying moss moisture stresses in undrained, afforested and rewetted peatlands located in Republic of Ireland using laboratory measurements and computer modelling Amey S. Tilak,Kenneth A. Byrne AJonay Jovani-Sancho Matthew Saunders Seamus Hoyne First published: 25 October 2021

READ FULL ARTICLE: https://doi.org/10.1002/eco.2374

15/12/2021 NEW PUBLICATION: TOWARDS A CARBON CREDIT & BLUE CREDIT SCHEME FOR PEATLANDS

Carbon Farming on Peatlands could be great for Farmers and for the Planet – EU Report A new white paper on Carbon Credits and Ecosystem Services jointly launched by the EU Carbon-Connects & Care-Peat projects at the A3CA webinar Sustainable Farming for Peatlands, has found that with the right framework in place it should be possible to finance the restoration of damaged peatlands, implement sustainable/alternative practices on peat soils, significantly reduce Greenhouse Gas emissions and provide a good living for farmers all at the same time.

“Right at the start of the UN Decade of Ecosystem Restoration 2021-2030 and following on from the hugely successful Peatland Pavilion at COP26 two key EU Peatland Projects Carbon Connects and Care Peat have joined forces to develop a White Paper entitled TOWARDS A CARBON CREDIT & BLUE CREDIT SCHEME FOR PEATLANDS”, said Niall Ó Brolcháin of NUI Galway, the policy lead of the EU Care Peat project involving 5 European countries (IE UK NL BE FR).

The paper includes an analysis of a number of existing Peatland Carbon Credit schemes and accreditation standards and explores the potential of using Carbon Credits and other Ecosystem services to fund Peatland Restoration across Europe on a very large scale.

According to Valentina Sechi of Carbon Connects and Van Hall Larenstein University in the Netherlands, “The launch of this White Paper should provide a much-needed boost for peatland restoration in the EU where degraded Peatlands contribute more than 5% of all Greenhouse Gas emissions. Carbon Credits combined with payment for other Ecosystem Services can potentially provide farmers and other landowners with a good source of income from Peatland restoration projects. However, we have to take into account, the so-called paradox of additionality which can effectively reward bad environmental practice instead of good practice”.

The White Paper compares incomes from various types of farming common on peatlands across Europe with potential incomes from the sale of Carbon Credits and Ecosystem Services such as water storage and water purification.

 

Conclusions of the White Paper
1. Current farming systems do not effectively support sustainable farming in Europe and they are heavily dependent on subsidies.
2. Examples show that the sale of Peatland Carbon Credits is feasible if the right framework is put in place.
3. International accreditation standards are too expensive for small peatland projects so an easy and cheap system is needed. Examples show that a site type methodology using proxy measurements may be highly effective.
4. An integrated framework for Carbon Credits + Ecosystem Services is needed.
5. Provision of subsidies for peatland restoration and maintenance is required while subsidies exist for other activities.

 

DOWNLOAD PAPER 

>>WATCH THE LAUNCH

 

Contact: Valentina Sechi, valentina.sechi@hvhl.nl

1/11/2021 The first-ever Peatland Pavilion at UNFCCC COP26

https://www.iucn-uk-peatlandprogramme.org/events/peatland-pavilion-cop26 VISIT THE PAVILION: https://storage.net-fs.com/hosting/6147066/7/

Do you know the GLOBAL PEALAND INITIATIVE

GET TO KNOW THEM: https://www.globalpeatlands.org/

13-15/11/2021 Sustainable peatlands: A win for all

FINAL CONFERENCE CARBON CONNECTS How can we restore and protect peatlands?

This has been the subject of four years of research by the Carbon Connects and CANAPE projects. During the international symposium ‘Sustainable peatlands: A win for all’ in October, the innovative techniques, business models and policy options that have been developed over these years will be presented.

ALL CONFERENCE INFORMATION HERE

16/07/2021 PRESS RELEASE State of the Art and Next Steps to Guide Vital Action on Peatlands
27/4/2021 Commission sets the carbon farming initiative in motion

Today the European Commission published the final report of a two-year study on how to set up and implement carbon farming in the EU. Building on this study and on the input from several EU-funded projects and events, the Commission plans to launch the carbon farming initiative by the end of 2021.

More information and links to the studies HERE

23/02/2021 NEW POLICY BRIEFING PAPER “DEFINITION OF PALUDICULTURE IN THE CAP“

Read the white paper here

18/11/2020 The ELO-Indigo Agriculture Roundtable on Carbon Farming

As Europe grapples with the challenge of delivering against its revised 2030 emission targets, and reaching net zero by 2050, it must consider all options available for meeting these objectives. Agriculture, often seen as a contributor to the production of greenhouse gases, now has the potential become part of the solution.

Advancements in soil management technologies, accumulated understanding of regenerative agriculture practices and greater ability to collect and analyse vast amounts of soil-related data create the unprecedented opportunity to accelerate the adoption of regenerative farm practices and transform agriculture into a cost-effective, large-scale, and reliable carbon sink. Furthermore, that transformation of agriculture into a large carbon sink can also advance a wider climate, economic and environmental agenda including greater climate resilience and food safety, more sustainable farming, and innovation and investment to drive green growth in the agriculture sector.

Capturing this opportunity requires an strong alignment of stakeholders – farmers, investors, technologists, academics, NGOs and policy-makers – to set strict environmental standards, deploy technologies to cost-effectively collect data and calculate credibly carbon benefits, design economic incentives to change farmers’ practices and catalyse large-scale investment and innovation in the sector.

This Roundtable addressed the questions of how to spark such alignment and change to grasp the opportunities presented by carbon farming, as well as how to overcome some of the potential barriers and concerns.

This debate was headed by a panel, chaired by MEP Norbert Lins, moderated by Jurgen Tack of ELO; joined by MEP Paolo de Castro; Thierry de l'Escaille of ELO and Georg Goeres from Indigo.

ARTICLE [18/7/2020] Nutrient removal potential and biomass production on European rewetted peat and mineral soils

This paper was published by the project CINDERELLA and is based on a large-scale European field survey on paludiculture. Based on this European wetland survey, paludiculture holds a great potential to combine peat preservation, water purification, nutrient removal, and a high biomass production. Paludicrops take up substantial amounts of nutrients, and both summer and winter harvests provide an effective way to sequester carbon in a range of high-valued biomass products and to control nutrient effluxes from rewetted sites at the landscape scale.

ARTICLE 

New project brochure is out!
ARTICLE [30/3/2020] New science on emission estimation for peatland restoration

Check out the full article: https://www.rug.nl/research/portal/files/117792023/drentsche_aa_ghg.pdf

Rewetting can effectively reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from drained peatlands. Reliable emissions estimation approaches are needed for accounting of such reductions and for evaluating the potential in terms of carbon

Here we combine vegetation and water level proxies to estimate emissions, by using bioindication of vegetation communities for water level together with the linear correlation between annual mean water level and GHG fluxes

GHG emissions are estimated using linear regression models of gas fluxes against mean annual water levels. This approach provides spatially explicit and quantitative estimation of mean annual water levels and GHG fluxes. When combined with information on spatial patterns and variances, the resulting estimations can promote recognition of the carbon co-benefits of biodiversity restoration while facilitating more site specific optimisation of management practices.

18/12/2019 Student session: Keep peat wet!

Keep Peat Wet to Reduce Flood Risks!

A student project that has recently been carried out by environmental science students at the VHL University, NL.

 They looked at the moisture-absorbing capacity of peat and how this relates to the degree of degradation. Their gradation 1 is subdivided (so not degraded), 4 is strongly degraded (strongly degraded / oxidised). Veldverse, less degraded peat absorbs more water, thus potentially generating more reduction of flood risk. If you let it dry out completely, the relationship reverses: then the most dehydrated peat absorbs the most moisture, but that is only 1/3 of what unearthed and not dehydrated peat absorbed.

 

Conclusion: if the peat keeps wet, it can contribute to the reduction of flood risks by retaining peak showers in the soil. If you let it dry out too much, then this function of peat deteriorates considerably.

ARTICLE [17/12/2019] The Netherlands in 2120!

This is how green the Netherlands can be in 2120!🙌🌍 Greener cities, food and electricity production on sea and a sustainable water management. Check out the not only desirable but also POSSIBLE climate-proof plan developed by Wageningen University!

https://magazines.wur.nl/climate-solutions-nl/nederland-in-2120/

5/12/2019 World Soil Day 5th December 2019

Using the World Soil day to put the importance of peat in the picture! Check out our Twitter to learn about the activities of our consortium on this day. @CarbonConnects

4/12/2019 Joint Peat-meeting

A very successful meeting with 4 Peat-project, to bundle forces, we discovered very promising opportunities! CCONNECTS CARE-PEAT CANAPE PEAT-RESTORE Some of our outcomes for cooperation in the near future: - Synchronize Partner meetings - Welcome eachother on workshops and fieldtrips - Joint final conferences in Brussels - Shared communication tool - Common Advisory boards - Common communication to send out strong messages to a broad audience - Student involvement Looking forward to the enrollment of our plans!

12/2019 The importance of Peatland on the Agenda @COP25 Madrid!

“Avoiding loss of high-carbon soils through peatland mapping and monitoring for climate action” Monday 02 December 2019 16:45–18:15 Madrid Climate Change Conference, COP 25, Room 1 Peatlands cover less than 3 percent of the Earth's surface but hold the largest terrestrial organic carbon stock in their soils. To avoid peatland drainage and the rapid decrease of their carbon storage and consequent greenhouse gas emissions, it is essential to know where peatlands are located by further develop national peatland maps. Peatland mapping is a solid base to advance with climate-smart policy frameworks, land use planning and monitoring. Latest experiences, technology and guidelines of peatland mapping, monitoring and management techniques will be shared and discussed for further application.

 

 Speakers: Speakers at the event include representatives from Indonesia, Peru and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Hokkaido University, Global Environment Centre (GEC) Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and Greifswald Mire Centre. Moderated by UN Environment Programme.

Focus of the event: Peatlands cover less than 3 percent of the Earth’s surface but hold the largest terrestrial organic carbon stock in their soils. To avoid peatland drainage and the rapid decrease of their carbon storage and consequent greenhouse gas emissions, it is essential to know where peatlands are located by further develop national peatland maps. Peatland mapping is a solid base to advance with climate-smart policy frameworks, land use planning and monitoring. Latest experiences, technology and guidelines of peatland mapping, monitoring and management techniques will be shared and discussed for further application.

Hosts: GEC, Greifswald Mire Centre, JICA, FAO, Hokkaido University, UN Environment Programme. It is organized in the frame of the Global Peatlands Initiative with the support of IKI funded by German Ministry for Environment and International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

 

Links: www.greifswaldmoor.de www.gec.org.my www.jica.go.jp/english/index.html

12/2019 CarbonConnects present and very active at the NWE-Impact event!

Follow us at this event on Twitter @CarbonConnects

A very successful conference that allowed us to push our project one step further!
Making an impact and synergies were the main focus of this event.

Impact

At our project stand we presented not only the idea and approach of CarbonConnects, we brought some concrete products resulting from wet farming like isolation, a cattail example, food products from lisdodde, etc. On an interactive map we were able to show our visitors the 10 pilot sites. 

Synergies 

A very fruitful meeting was organised with CCONNECTS, CARE PEAT and CANAPE to plan our synergies starting now! Together we will send a strong message to policy makers to stress the importance of peat management 

 

Check out the final agenda and discover other projects here: https://www.nweurope.eu/news-events/media-contacts/nwe-making-an-impact/

 

 

29/11/2019 4th Partner Meeting, UK

Carbon Connects 4th Partner Meeting On the 27th of November, partners of the project met in Stanhope, England to hold their 4th partner meeting hosted by the North Pennines AONB Partnership. The day started with a visit of the Pennine PeatLIFE site - Valance Lodge where peat restoration techniques have been demonstrated and evaluated as part of another project. Then, the partners visited the Carbon Connects Weardale demo site: a degraded site becoming drier due to historic loss of sphagnum caused by overgrazing, burning and drainage. Indeed, sphagnum is a key component to a fully functioning blanket bog, stabilising the bog surface, increasing surface wetness and re-invigorating peat formation. In the afternoon, project updates were discussed and guest speakers from iCasp, DigiBog Hydro and the Interreg North Sea Region – Topsoil Project were welcomed to bring different perspectives and expertise on peat restoration. AC3A held the final working session by first giving an overview of the pilot sites and engaging partners in finding common points, challenges, strengths and weaknesses across them, and then by exchanging views on the transnational Low-Carbon Business Modelling. The next day started with a visit to the Middlehope Natural Flood Management Site, followed by the discovery of the High Force Waterfalls in Teesdale. In the afternoon, a working session aiming at outlining a European Certificate of Wet-Agriculture took place. Partners gathered thoughts on the pros and cons of accreditation systems, payment systems, additionality and spatial scale. To finalise this successful meeting, partners discussed the Farmer-2-Farmer programme, the communication strategy, potential synergies with other projects, as well as long term goals.

ARTICLE [11/2019] Scotland's bogs reveal a secret paradise for birds and beetles

Positive story about #peatland restoration in Scotland creating a vital carbon sink and a thriving habitat for a range of species https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/nov/27/scotlands-peat-bogs-reveal-their-secret-strength-carbon-aoe

ARTICLE [10/2019] Climate change: Widespread drying of European peatlands

ARTICLE [11/2019] The end of turf-cutting brings opportunities to increase our energy independence

" Turf is one of the least efficient fossil fuels as it emits high levels of CO2 per unit of energy used. Alongside that, intact peat lands play a role in flood management and protecting biodiversity, as well as being an excellent carbon sink."

Sign the Peat Petition!

Peat is vital in the fight against climate breakdown, we should not be using peat compost to improve the soil in our gardens, use other organic matter for this!👍 Only 4K more votes needed to have this discussed by the UK government! ➡️Sign now! https://petition.parliament.uk/petitions/263362

09/10/2019 EU Roundtable workshop on Carbon Farming

Follow or view the meeting here: https://webcast.ec.europa.eu/carbon-farming-schemes-in-europe-roundtable

The Carbon Connects Pilot Sites

The Carbon Connects consortium have selected representative pilot sites across NWE (eg. lowland bogs) and business model types (eg.crop type, credit scheme, etc) and set transnational requirements (pilot duration, C02 sampling methodology, etc) to jointly develop living labs.

The partners will design, implement and monitor pilot sites implementing low carbon land management agricultural practices and supported by sustainable business models.

These pilots have a two-fold impact:

  • directly reducing C02 emissions through wet-agricultural practices and storage of carbon in biomass products
  • regional flood mitigating effects due to changing water levels which benefit flood prone zones 

DISCOVER THE CARBON STORAGE PILOT SITES IN EUROPE HERE ON AN INTERACTIVE MAP

 

PILOT SITE VALUE CHAIN ASSESSMENTS 

NL - Deurnsche Peel

Information on the pilot site

Size: 3 ha
Crop Type: Typha and Salix
Water level fluctuations: -70 and +2 cm

GOAL: Rewetting while supporting biodiversity preservation in this N2000 area and engage local farmers in paludiculture 

Check this document for more information.

NL - Swinkels

Information on the pilot site

Size: 1 ha
Crop Type: Cattail
Water level fluctuations: -10 and +20 cm

GOAL: Keep water table high and block the drainage ditches to reduce water loss by downward seepage for more stable ground water tables

Check this document for more information.

NL - Verbruggen

Information on the pilot site:

Size: 15 ha
Crop Type: Miscanthus
Innovative business model to grow Miscanthus to be used as substrate to grow biological mushrooms

Goal: Develop and test a business model producing the substrate for biological crops.

👉 More information here.

NL - Scheiendsven

Information on the pilot site:

Size: 0,8 ha
Crop Type: Cattail
Artificial wetland between nature and agriculture area

Goal: Experimental site for student research and start-ups to learn how to grow and harest wet crops

👉 More information here.

NL - Biest-Houtakker

Information on the pilot site:

Size: 0,4 ha
Crop Type: Cattail
Next to a wastewater treatment plant where the water quality of the site is monitored

Goal: Teach local farmers and start-ups in the region how to grow and harvest cattail.

👉 More information here.

NL - Raamsloop

Information on the pilot site:

Size: 5 ha
Crop Type: Cattail, Alder and Willow
New wetland plot to be created in an ecological connection zone

Goal: Experimental site for paludiculture by allowing nature inclusive agriculture engaging local farmers.

👉 More information here.

NL - Soerendonk

Information on the pilot site:

Size: 1.3 ha
Crop Type: Cattail
Agricultural area used for grazing and local water management by serving as a flooding area

Goal: Learn how to grow and harvest cattail to start the production for start-ups in the region

👉 More information here.

 

FR - Lake of Grand Lieu

Information on the pilot site:

Size: 3000 ha
Crop
Type: Grasses grow naturally, no cultivation
Water level fluctuations: 0,7-4 m, Grazing Cattle

Goal: Analyse what is the ideal level of carbon storage and the realistic one for maintaining human and agricultural practices

👉 More information here.

FR - Cotentin Bessin

Information on the pilot site:
Size: 30 000 ha
Land Use: Grazing and grass harvesting
Crop Type: Permanent grasslands
Water level: Adjustable

Goal:
- Maintain agriculture in marshlands
- Contribution of knowledge on carbon storage, technical and economic data related to
agriculture
- Reflection on public and private agri-environmental policies to support these environments

👉 More information here.

IR - Oughterard

Information on the pilot site:

Size: 137 ha
Crop Type: Ling heather soft rush
Highly degraded and drained blanket because of extractions during the last 20-30 years for domestic and industrial purposes

Goal: Improving the water quality, enhancing the habitat especially for Pearl Mussel by having a good vegetated peatland located adjacent to a water body, supporting the landowners in quantifying and improving the Carbon Sequestration Potential

👉 More information here.

UK - Valance Lodge

Information on the pilot site:

Size: 4.5 ha
Crop Type: Sphagnum
Upland blanket bog with degraded vegetation community caused by overgrazing, burning and drainage

Goal: Demonstrating cost effective Sphagnum inoculation on degraded peatland to improve condition, reduce carbon emissions and prevent further degradation and costly restoration works in fut.ure

👉 More information here.

BE - Kwetshage

Information on the pilot site:

Size: 90 ha
Crop Type: spontaneously grown sedges, rushes, reed, grass and planting of reed and cattail for capturing nutrients in surface water
Land Use: Former agricultural area to be transformed into wetland, serving both nature goals and water management goals as a flooding area.

Goal: Rewetting the entire area, the creation of a high-quality reed marsh and the implementation of a sustainable management of habitats in cooperation with local farmers, stimulating the use of biomass from the wetland in farming practices

👉 More information here.

BE - De Blankaart

Information on the pilot site:

Size: 1000 ha
Crop Type: spontaneously grown reed, sedges, rushes, grass, willow
Land use: Nature Reserve with 50 ha large pond

Goal: Wetland restoration and rewetting. Increase of C-stock. Use of biomass for on-farm composting and compost use on arable land

👉 More information here.

SITE EMISSION TOOL DOWNLOAD: Download the calculation sheet to calculate your emission

SITE EMISSION TOOL ONLINE: Discover how the calculator sheet looks like

PEATLANDS ACROSS EUROPE: INNOVATION AND INSPIRATION

For World Peatlands Day five EU transnational projects exploring innovative measures to save our peatlands have released the Peatlands Across Europe: Innovation and Inspiration guide outlining their experiences and recommendations.

Authors: Bax & Company’s: Amber De La Haye, Cisca Devereux and Sebastiaan van Herk, with contributions from Carbon Connects, Care-PeatDESIRELIFE Peat Restore, and CANAPE, the document aims to pave the way for future action on peatlands.

 

DOWNLOAD

A new white paper on Carbon Credits and Ecosystem Services jointly launched by the EU Carbon-Connects & Care-Peat projects at the A3CA webinar 'Sustainable Farming for Peatlands', has found that with the right framework in place it should be possible to finance the restoration of damaged peatlands, significantly reduce Greenhouse Gas emissions and provide a good living for farmers all at the same time.

“Right at the start of the UN Decade of Ecosystem Restoration 2021-2030 and following on from the hugely successful Peatland Pavilion at COP26 two key EU Peatland Projects Carbon Connects and Care Peat have joined forces to develop a White Paper entitled TOWARDS A CARBON CREDIT & BLUE CREDIT SCHEME FOR PEATLANDS”, said Niall Ó Brolcháin of NUI Galway, the policy lead of the EU Care Peat project involving 5 European countries (IE UK NL BE FR).

The paper includes an analysis of a number of existing Peatland Carbon Credit schemes and accreditation standards and explores the potential of using Carbon Credits and other Ecosystem services to fund Peatland Restoration across Europe on a very large scale.

According to Valentina Sechi of Carbon Connects and Van Hall Larenstein University in the Netherlands, “The launch of this White Paper should provide a much-needed boost for peatland restoration in the EU where degraded Peatlands contribute more than 5% of all Greenhouse Gas emissions. Carbon Credits combined with payment for other Ecosystem Services can potentially provide farmers and other landowners with a good source of income from Peatland restoration projects. However, we have to take into account, the so-called paradox of additionality which can effectively reward bad environmental practice instead of good practice”.

The White Paper compares incomes from various types of farming common on peatlands across Europe with potential incomes from the sale of Carbon Credits and Ecosystem Services such as water storage and water purification.

Niall Ó Brolcháin concluded, “Many people are looking for ways that we can significantly reduce our Greenhouse Gas emissions quickly, cheaply and easily. Peatland restoration has the potential to reduce emissions across Europe by up to 5%. This is a project that we can all get behind and I see no reason why farmers, landowners and rural communities shouldn’t benefit significantly from it”.

 Conclusions of the White Paper

  1. Current farming systems do not effectively support sustainable farming in Europe and they are heavily dependent on subsidies.
  2. Examples show that the sale of Peatland Carbon Credits is feasible if the right framework is put in place.
  3. International accreditation standards are too expensive for small peatland projects so an easy and cheap system is needed. Examples show that a site type methodology using proxy measurements may be highly effective.
  4. An integrated framework for Carbon Credits + Ecosystem Services is needed.
  5. Provision of subsidies for peatland restoration and maintenance is required while subsidies exist for other activities.

Read and download the report here

Authors: Carbon Connects Valentina Sechi, Jasper van Belle, Christian Fritz, Amey Tilak, Jeroen Geurts, Nina Roehrig, Peter Nailon, Kate Cartmell-Done, Weier Liu, Toine Smits, Maarten De Boever

Authors: Care Peat Niall Ó Brolcháin, Terry Morley, Chris Field, Jo Kennedy, Sarah Johnson, Simon Caporn, Carolina Halevy, Jim Ryan, Maurice Eakin, Fernando Fernandez, Clifton Bain, Christine Domegan, Shane McGuinness, Mark McCorry, Patrick Crushell

 

 

Quantifying moss moisture stresses in undrained, afforested and rewetted peatlands located in Republic of Ireland using laboratory measurements and computer modelling

The TUS DU authors (Dr. Amey S. Tilak and Mr. Seamus Hoyne) collaborated with University of Limerick (Dr. Ken Byrne), Centre for Ecology and hydrology, UK (Dr. Jonay Jovani-Sancho) and Trinity College (Dr. Matthew Saunders) and quantified the ecohydrological thresholds for sphagnum recolonization and regrowth on undrained, afforested and rewetted peatlands located in Republic of Ireland.

The article was published in Ecohydrology. 

Read and download the article here


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Relive the Sustainable Peatlands Conference

Visit the conference website for replays, outcomes and pictures HERE

The CANAPE & C-Connects Sustainable Peatlands Conference was a brilliant coming together of people across the field. To ensure the event has a lasting legacy, we are sharing the recordings and outcomes of the event.

Our event took place in Leeuwarden on the 13th to 15th of October 2021, with 6 sessions over 2 days, with over 40 speakers.  Fortuitous timing with Covid levels allowed us to have an in-person event, with some of us meeting for the first time in nearly 2 years. However, aware that not everyone would want to travel, we held it as a hybrid event, with large numbers joining online. Over 70 people came together in person, with another 100 joining online. 

We had two days of talks, which can be viewed at our YouTube Channel - followed by a day of site visits. For the full list of recorded talks, please scroll to the bottom of the page. 

The full conference report is available to be read here. 

Our event concluded with a Day of Field visits, with groups going to Alde Feanen and Die Wieden to see practical restoration efforts on the grounds. 

Main Outcomes 

The conference covered the full range of wetland restoration and management, from the design and set-up of a project, capturing the benefits, and securing the funding needed to make the change. 

Building from the widely accepted premise that there must be significant wetland rewetting for the world to meet its climate targets, we explored the challenges of monitoring and how to ensure consistent & affordable reporting for wetland sites. Another key area of focus was affording the rewetting, whether this is through Paludiculture, or through alternative business models such as carbon credits and other Payments for Ecosystem Services. 

The recorded talks, covering these topics and more, are listed below. 

Speaker Presentation Title Video Link
Dr Hans Joosten The age of rewetting (Keynote Presentation)  https://youtu.be/xyLQJQNuRQU
Jasper van Belle Does spatial variation in a shallow peat lake offer opportunities for restoration?  https://youtu.be/vccAlRETZfk
Emiel Galetzka  Zuidlaardermeer Works  https://youtu.be/G4X5IOZDu5I
Dr Dan Hoare  Hickling Broad Restoration  https://youtu.be/1USG3d41hIU
Sarian Kosten  Greenhouse gas emissions from inland waters: quantification and potential mitigation measures  https://youtu.be/tF0ylk2CMGg
Dr Mark McCorry Bord na Mona on new approaches to peatland rehabilitation https://youtu.be/kH6zxPWNV28 
Dr Ivan Metrop  Typha cultivation: do's and don'ts  https://youtu.be/emknOBftVTM
Andrea Kelly   Horsey Wetland  https://youtu.be/MEWVx__cPkE
Peter Hahn  Store Vildmose  https://youtu.be/tF0ylk2CMGg
Jasper van Belle User-friendly GEST and IPCC-based modelling to calculate Carbon credits  https://youtu.be/58PoQWQ_TFA
Dr Laurent André Emissions of GHG from peatlands : a tool for managing scenarios of restoration  https://youtu.be/XsZesuJi4zo
Dr Amey Tilak Water movement processes with the drained blanket peatland located in Ireland  https://youtu.be/Szw0BV6y7YA
Dr Annieke Borst Products from Peatlands  https://youtu.be/KHrehVaEupo
Andrea Kelly Charcoal from Waste wood  https://youtu.be/ZRM1Uq04eIc
Peter Nailon Upland Peatland Business Models  https://youtu.be/Iz64b19AMG8
Patrick Crushell Ecosystem services business model on Irish peatlands  https://youtu.be/xBBmGkHKNv8
Harry Mach Presentation of Pocket Guide  https://youtu.be/uXwSms2Ahgc
Dr Rob Collins Restoration and Monitoring of a UK Coastal Fen  https://youtu.be/OPyoXyp_2LA
Niall O'Brochlain   C-credit scheme in peatland  https://youtu.be/_U7wVRVTPZk
Dr. Nina Röhrig Transitioning to new business models: rewetting  https://youtu.be/xws6aL4slNI
Wilfried Heijnan  Valthermond Peatland Vision  https://youtu.be/xws6aL4slNI
Bert van de Wiel  Common Ground: resistance and support in the Frisian peat meadow landscape transition  https://youtu.be/-qV3V09E3QQ
Job van de Crommert Towards sustainable agriculture peatland management: a policy analysis on the Frisian Veenweidegebied  https://youtu.be/k04XUrPPQOg
Dr Laura Herzog  Design for a Transformation Process in the Context of Climate Policy  https://youtu.be/Kjv_5giT4m0

 

04 January 2022 - Published by Harry Mach

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