Towards Adhesive-Free Timber Buildings (AFTB)
Adhesive-Free Timber Buildings addresses the wasteful and harmful use of toxic adhesives in the manufacturing of Engineered Wood Products (EWPs) by the construction industry.
Providing confidence in the structural properties of adhesive-free EWPs, using compressed wood is the key to this market uptake.
University, industry and the public sector will co-operate to demonstrate new adhesive-free EWPs using new technology, encouraging and enabling market uptake across North West Europe (NWE).
The project will move the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) from 4 to 7.
More than 5 million m3 of EWPs were produced in the EU in 2013/14 and the market is growing, as EWPs provide a "green" alternative to steel and concrete in construction. In the long-term, the project aims to result in the production of 1 million m3 of adhesive free products and remove 6000 tonnes of the toxic adhesives currently used in manufacturing. The adhesive-free products will be 100% reusable and recyclable. This will have a positive impact in North West Europe where the majority of EWPs go to landfill or incineration contributing to the 15 million tonnes of timber construction waste in landfill across Europe each year. In the long term, the project aims to result in the reduction of EWPs to landfill by 0.5 million tonnes at end of life.
Adhesive-Free Timber Buildings will support ten NWE businesses to adopt the new technology and produce a range of adhesive free EWPs. This will have additional benefits leading to competitive advantage, economic growth and sustainable jobs. The new technology will also contribute to the sustainable management of forests in NWE and connected rural livelihoods by adding value to locally available low-quality timber.
The advocacy, influencing and business support activity undertaken in the Long-Term Effects work package will sustain these positive impacts after the project has ended.
Follow us on Twitter @AFTbuildings
National University of Ireland, Galway
1 University Road
Université de Lorraine
34 Cours Leopold
CS 25233 54052
Technische Universität Dresden
Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology
1 rue du Brill
Office économique wallon du bois
4 ZI Aye, Rue de la Croissance
University of Liverpool
765 Brownlow Hill
|University of Liverpool||Zhongwei Guan||
765 Brownlow Hill
|National University of Ireland, Galway||Annette Hartefirstname.lastname@example.org||Ireland|
|Université de Lorraine||Marc Oudjeneemail@example.com||France|
|Technische Universität Dresden||Siavash Mahjourian Namari||Siavash.Namari@tu-dresden.de||Germany|
|Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology||Belouettar Salimfirstname.lastname@example.org||Luxembourg|
|Office économique wallon du bois||François Deneufbourgemail@example.com||Belgium|
05/10/2018 - Innovation Hub, Ireland
The Timber Engineering Research Group of the National University of Ireland Galway, gathered with Irelands top timber technology and timber engineering researchers in collaboration with the Department of Food, Agriculture and the Marine (DAFM), Coillte and Enterprise Ireland in Athlone on the 5th of October 2018 to discuss the ongoing research with a focus on development in the timber sector and skills challenges
29/08/2018 - Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine visit to NUI Galway
The members of the Timber Engineering Research Group (TERG), National University of Ireland Galway presented the recent developments on various ongoing projects. The presentations covered a wide range of research topics from silviculture management of forestry plantations to development and utilization of engineered wood products. A presentation on “Recent developments of the project Towards Adhesive Free Timber Buildings” was delivered by Sameer Mehra. AFTB project was promoted to the attendees and brochures were given to interested participants.
Pictured: Dr. Annette Harte with the delegates from DAFM and researchers of Timber Engineering Research Group (TERG)
22/08/2018 - WCTE 2018, Seoul, Rep. of Korea
The AFTB team were in attendance at the World Conference on Timber Engineering 2018 (WCTE 2018) in Seoul, Rep. of Korea from the 20-23 of August. Attended by over 700 participants, WCTE is the world's premier forum for presenting and discussing the latest technical developments and innovations in wood and timber engineering. The ongoing work within the AFTB project was presented at the conference. Four conference articles are now available in the conference proceedings.
21/06/2018 - Forest Industry Innovation Hub, Ireland
The Timber Engineering Research group attended the Forestry Industry Innovation Hub on the 21/6/18 in Athlone, Co. Westmeath. The event was attended by academic staff from Universities and Institutes of technology around Ireland and Forestry experts from the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Enterprise Ireland and Coillte. The function of this Hub is to create collaborative links between industry and the applied research community within Ireland to develop the innovative uses of Irish timber. The ongoing work in the AFTB project was presented.
20/06/2018 - Visit of Trada University Engagement Manager to AFTB Project
The University of Liverpool, AFTB project team were pleased to host Tabitha Binding, the new TRADA University Engagement Manager. Tabitha took a great interest in the project and we will work with her in the future to help disseminate the project achievements.
Pictured:(Left-Right) Dr Ade Sotayo (AFTB Postdoctoral Fellow), Tabitha Binding (TRADA University Engagement Manager), Dr Zhongwei Guan (AFTB Lead Partner PI).
18/04/2018 - AFTB visit Entreprise Weisrock (Glulam Manufacturer)
Marc Oudjene of the Université of Lorraine meets the Weisrock company (glulam manufacturer) to study the possibility of manufacturing curved multi-layered beams using compressed wood dowels, for the UL demonstrator building.
03/04/2018 - Annette Harte presents AFTB to the Master of Architecture Students at UCD
Dr. Annette Harte presented the objectives of the AFTB project to the Master of Architecture Students at University College Dublin (UCD) on 03/04/2018. The possibilities and advantages of engineered timber and in Particular current work on the use of adhesive-free technology was presented to 25+ architectural students.
13/03/2018 - AFTB Demonstrator Structure Concept Announced
The concept for the proposed AFTB demonstrator to be built in the Technical University of Dresden has been announced by Prof. Peer Haller. This sculpture, called ‘Cloud’, is the creation of artist Birgit Schuh. ‘Cloud’ will be an adhesive free timber creation measuring approximately 8 m x 2,80 m x 3,10 m. The sculpture will be constructed using compressed wood dowel-laminated timber panel elements developed as part of the Interreg NWE project AFTB.
28/02/2018 - PI Workshop, De Vere Grand Connaught Rooms
Adhesive Free Timber Buildings PI Dr Zhongwei Guan and project manager Dan Bradley attended the Interreg NWE Project Ideas workshop in London this week. Over 150 prospective applicants had gathered to learn more about opportunities in the Interreg research program.
Zainab Agha, the Deputy Director of Policy and Partnership at the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government opened the meeting. Her speech spoke highly of European research cooperation and highlighted the message that, until Brexit occurs, UK partners should be able to fully participate in applying for EU research finding. She mentioned AFTB by name, as an ERDF funded project with a UK lead.
Dr Guan (Pictured) then presented on the topic of AFTB and our experience of the application process, speaking of the importance of transnational cooperation in achieving research aims as well as describing the process by which the project’s outputs were benchmarked against a baseline. He then answered several questions from the audience before participants attended workshops based on the Interreg research themes.
23/02/2018 - Ryan Institute Annual Research Day 2018, NUI Galway, Ireland
The Timber Engineering Research Group (TERG) of National University of Ireland Galway participated in the Ryan Institute Research Day 2018 organised by Ryan Institute, NUIG. The theme of the research day was ‘Sustainability Horizons - Our Common Future’. A wide range of posters were presented by researchers from across Ireland. Members of the TERG presented their ongoing research on engineered wood products and the use of timber in multi-storey construction. The session was used as a platform to showcase and promote the AFTB project.
Pictured: Sameer Mehra, PhD Researcher, National University of Ireland Galway explaining the objectives of his work to members of the audience.
08/02/2018 - Der Spiegel Article on Wood Modification
In a recent interview published in Der Speigel, Prof Peer Haller, Technical University of Dresden, discussed the significant increase in strength of timber elements that can be achieved through wood modification using techniques such as thermal compression.
Follow the link below for further reading
9/12/2017 - AFTB Partner Meeting, UL, Epinal, France
Great progress was made at the AFTB project meeting hosted by Dr Marc Oudjene of the Université Lorraine on the 8th and 9th of December. All project partners presented ongoing work in their respective institutions. This meeting provided a great opportunity to communicate, discuss project goals, collaborate together and focus on achieving the project objectives outlined.
Pictured: AFTB project partners
23/11/2017 - GDR BOIS; Annual GDR3544 Wood Science event in Nantes
Ms. Imane E Houjeyri, M. Tuan Anh Bui, M. Trong Tuan Tran and Dr. Marc Oudjene of the University of Lorraine were very happy to present and introduce, to the scientific and industrial communities, the AFTB project at Annual GDR3544 Wood Science event in Nantes (France). Three posters were held in conjunction with this event where the AFTB project was promoted.
Pictured: Imane E Houjeyri, PhD student from University of Lorraine
13/11/2017 - Cunliffes Limited welcomed to the project as sub-partner
The University of Liverpool AFTB partner are excited to have had their first project meeting with Liverpool-based company, Cunliffes Limited. As architectural adviser, Cunliffes will provide advice and support in the design and construction of a demonstrator building at Ness Botanic Gardens, Ness, UK.
Cunliffes are an ISO 9001 Quality Assured multi-disciplinary private practice offering property and construction consultancy services to private and public sector clients.
Professional services offered include Architectural Design, Project Management, Building Surveying, Quantity Surveying, Employers Agent, Party Wall Surveyor and CDM Principal Designer.
Cunliffes’ clients include schools and colleges, universities, local Diocese and religious orders, museums, community organisations, financial institutions, housing associations, healthcare, financial institutions, developers and private clients.
Cunliffes’ specialise in the education sector and have in-house expertise with particular emphasis on the primary and secondary sectors, Academies and Universities.
31/8/17 - "Talking Timber" Event organised by Teagasc
The Timber Engineering Research Group of National University of Ireland Galway participated in a timber marketing event entitled “Talking Timber” organised by Teagasc with the co-operation of the Irish timber industry and the Forest Service, Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Ireland. The event providing opportunities for forest owners to familiarise themselves with the timber sales process, various timber harvesting techniques and added value products such as Glulam and CLT products. A poster exhibition was held in conjunction with the event where the AFTB project was promoted.
14/8/2017 - Industrial Visit to Matthew O'Malley Joinery, Ireland
The Timber Engineering Research Group of the National University of Ireland Galway visited Matthew O’Malley Joinery, Woodford, Co Galway. The aim of the visit was to explore and understand techniques involved in traditional joinery without using adhesives i.e. building construction using treenails and wooden pegs. Objectives and current proceedings of the project had been discussed with the building design professionals and carpenters.
04/7/2017 - 3rd International Conference on Mechanics of Composites, University Alma Mater of Bologna, Italy
Ms. Imane E Houjeyri and Dr. Marc Oudjene of the University of Lorraine were very happy to present and introduce, to the scientific and industrial communities, the AFTB project at the 3rd International Conference on Mechanics of Composites which was held at the University Alma Mater of Bologna, Italy. A poster exhibition was held in conjunction with the event where the AFTB project was promoted.
Melle Imane E Houjeyri et le Mr. Marc Oudjene de l’Université de Lorraine ont eu beaucoup de Plaisir d’introduire et de présenter, aux communautés scientifique et industrielle, le projet Européen AFTB à la 3ème Conférence Internationale «Mechanics of Composites » qui s’est déroulée à l’Université Alma Mater de Bologne, en Italie. Un poster a été présenté lors de cet évènement pour la promotion du projet AFTB.
Pictured (Left-Right): Prof. Antonio J.M. Ferreira, Conference Chair and Editor-in-Chief of Composite Structures (ELSEVIER), University of Porto (Portugal), Ms. Imane El Houjeyri, PhD Researcher, University of Lorraine, Laëtitia Duigou, Institut de Recherche Dupuy de Lôme (France), and Dr. Marc Oudjene, Associate-Professor, University of Lorraine (France).
12/6/2017 - WMCAUS Symposium 2017 in Prague, Czech Republic
The main mission of "World Multidisciplinary Civil Engineering-Architecture-Urban Planning Symposium - WMCAUS" is to lead to contribute in multidisciplinary studies related to Civil Engineering, Architecture, City and Urban Planning and to improve interactions between people within these fields. Dr Zhongwei, of the University of Liverpool, presented the AFTB project to the society of civil engineering, architect and urban planning.
Pictured: Dr. Zhongwei Guan, AFTB Project Lead, University of Liverpool presenting "Towards Adhesive Free Timber Buildings" to the society of civil engineering, architect and urban planning
16/5/2017 - Ministerial Announcement at The National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland
Dr Annette Harte and the Timber Engineering Research Group at The National University of Ireland, Galway were very happy to welcome the Minister of State for Food, Forestry and Horticulture, Andrew Doyle TD to announce a three-year initiative to characterise the strength properties of Irish timber for European regulatory authorities. Dr Harte and PhD Researcher, Sameer Mehra, took the opportunity to explain some of the ongoing work in the research group related to adhesive free engineered wood products under the Interreg NWE funded AFTB Project.
Pictured (Left-Right): Prof. Pól Ó Dochartaigh, Registrar and Deputy-President, NUI Galway, Mr Sameer Mehra, PhD Researcher, NUI Galway, Dr Annette Harte, Vice-Dean of the College of Engineering and Informatics, NUI Galway, and Minister of State for Food, Forestry and Horticulture, Andrew Doyle TD.
AFTB Project Manager Dan Bradley (lead partner University of Liverpool) on the benefits of adhesive-free timber
AFTB Research Publications
Development of Adhesive Free Engineered Wood Products - Towards Adhesive Free Timber Buildings
Guan Z., Sotayo A., Oudjene M., El Houjeyri I., Harte A.M., Mehra S., Haller P., Namari S., Makradi A., Belouetter S., Deneufbourg F., (2018) Development of Adhesive Free Engineered Wood Products - Towards Adhesive Free Timber Buildings. In Proceedings of the WCTE 2018 - World Conference on Timber Engineering, Seoul, Rep. of Korea, August 20-23, 2018 Download
Evaluation of the Structural Behaviour of Beam-beam Connection Systems using Compressed Wood Dowels and Plates
Mehra S., O’Ceallaigh C., Lakzaeian F.H., Guan Z., Sotayo A., Harte A.M., (2018) Evaluation of the Structural Behaviour of Beam-beam Connection Systems using Compressed Wood Dowels and Plates. In Proceedings of the WCTE 2018 - World Conference on Timber Engineering, Seoul, Rep. of Korea, August 20-23, 2018 Download
An Investigation of the Structural Behaviour of Beam-beam Connections Systems Utilising Compressed Wood Dowels and Plates
Mehra S., O’Ceallaigh C., Guan Z., Sotayo A., Harte A.M., (2018) An Investigation of the Structural Behaviour of Beam-beam Connections Systems Utilising Compressed Wood Dowels and Plates. In Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Composite Structures (ICCS21), University of Bologna, Italy, 2018 Download
Finite Element Modelling and Testing of Timber Laminated Beams Fastened with Compressed Wood Dowels
Sotayo A., Au S-K., Guan Z., (2018) Finite Element Modelling and Testing of Timber Laminated Beams Fastened with Compressed Wood Dowels. In Proceedings of the WCTE 2018 - World Conference on Timber Engineering, Seoul, Rep. of Korea, August 20-23, 2018 Download