eHUBS - Smart Shared Green Mobility Hubs

Project Summary


As of today it is crucial for both the health and the quality of life of our citizens to simultaneously promote sustainability and accessibility in transport within cities. In the face of this difficult and challenging task, electric mobility sources like eHUBS might be the best future solutions.

Indeed, e-Mobility hubs, shortly eHUBS, represent a crucial step towards the adaption of shared and electric mobility services. These dedicated on-street locations, where citizens can choose from different sustainable electric transport options for shared use, will represent a real alternative to the use of private car, by providing opportunities to increase shared and electric mobility in a truly innovative way.

What are eHUBS and where to find them?

eHUBS are on-street locations that bring together e-bikes, e-cargo bikes, e-scooters and/or e-cars, offering users a wide range of options to experiment and use in various situations. The idea is to give an high-quality and diverse offer of shared electric mobility services to dissuade citizens from owning private cars, resulting in cleaner, more liveable and pleasant cities.

eHUBS can vary in size (minimalistic, light, medium, large), type of location, and type of offer. They can be small and located in residential areas, with just one or two parking spots, or bigger and positioned close to stations and major public transport interchanges, but, in the end, the key is that they should always be where supply and demand meet.


Six partner cities from five different countries will realise and promote eHUBS and pave the way for others to do the same. The eHUBS implementation approach will differ according to the size and needs of the respective cities.

In doing so, it will develop knowledge, best practices and a blueprint that would lead to replication of the experiences in other cities and regions, as well as a consistent reduction of air pollution, congestion and CO2 emissions in the cities and a growing market for commercial shared e-mobility providers aligned with local policy goals.

Long term effects

By kick starting the mobility transition in 6 pilot cities we will set an example for other cities in Europe, which will be able to benefit from applying the blueprint and copying best practices. A large-scale uptake will cause a leverage by significantly reducing CO2emissions in the cities and creating a growing market for commercial  shared e-mobility providers.

Project Partners

Lead partner

Organisation Contact name Address Email Website
City of Amsterdam Debbie Dekkers 1 Amstel
1011 PN
Name Contact Name Email Country
Promotion of Operation Links with Integrated Services aisbl (POLIS) Ivo Cré Belgium
Taxistop asbl Alice Burton Belgium Jeffrey Matthijs Belgium
Bayern Innovativ Ltd. Emma Costa Argemi Germany
Cargoroo Jaron Borensztajn Netherlands
URBEE (E-bike network Amsterdam BV) Fleur Schraven Netherlands
City of Nijmegen Klaas-Jan Gräfe Netherlands
Transport for Greater Manchester Christopher Allan United Kingdom
City of Leuven Tim Asperges Belgium
TU Delft Gonçalo Homem de Almeida Correia Netherlands
University of Newcastle upon Tyne Dilum Dissanayake United Kingdom
City of Dreux Lucie Jugé France
Kempten (Allgäu) Thomas Weiss Germany
University of Antwerp Evy Onghena Belgium



Long-term effects

One of the main objective of the eHUBS project is a sustained adoption of eHUBS after the end of the project and beyond the pilot cities involved in the project. In order to do this, the knowledge developed and the lessons learnt from the deployment and the promotion of eHUBS in the six partner cities will contribute to a blueprint, which will serve as the guidance for the replication of the experiences in other European cities and regions.

For the future implementation of eHUBS, a minimum service level will be defined, alongside a regulatory framework of future eHUBS in which a combination of e-shared mobility services in the public domain is defined.

The promotion and marketing of the eHUBS brand in multiple cities beyond the pilots will require a targeted effort aimed at developing and presenting use cases and local project results. The ultimate objective of this action is influence mobility behaviour among inhabitants towards adopting shared and electric mobility as a real alternative to private cars.

eHUBS pilot demonstrations

The main project output is the provision a critical mass of shared and electric vehicles and eHUBS, which will result in a decrease in private car use in cities. This task is undertaken by the six pilot cities and the shared e-mobility providers, who will make available shared mobility for citizens on 92 eHUBS, with almost 2400 shared light electric vehicles.

A joint methodology, which takes into account the diverse characteristics of cities, will be followed in the implementation of shared e-mobility. Different characteristics of the pilot cities will be considered: population size and density; morphology; number of private cars per household; current modal split.

The general eHUBS implementation approach will be diversified according on local variations and specific needs. The results of a continuous exchange between the pilot cities during the project will feed into the set of best practices for successful implementation of e-shared mobility.

Transport Modelling and Travel Behaviour Analysis

Another crucial result that will be developed within the project is a set of behavioural models, which will represent the key to investigating transport users’ attitude, in order to maximise impacts of the eHUBS. Such result will contribute to the draft of a blueprint for the replication of the eHUBS experiences in other European cities and regions.

The travel behaviour models will offer a platform to test the propensity to introduce novel eHUBS infrastructure and to identify where to locate them, based on existing demographic data and together with knowledge of current transport networks, services and operations. Qualitative and quantitative analyses will be included in the travel behaviour models.

Building on proven existing network modelling methods, the effects of eHUBS’ deployment in each pilot city will be analysed. This exercise will bring a transnational perspective to the project and allow essential comparisons of the eHUBS initiative across different cities, contributing to the identification of success factors and barriers.

Project Management

The eHUBS project is managed on a day-to-day basis by a project management team, which ensures that the project is executed according to plans and builds on experience and best practices from the management of previous INTERREG NWE projects.


The communication activities undertaken in the context of the project have the ultimate objective of increase the project visibility, disseminate project results and outputs, and making eHUBS a key reference for those professional audiences interested in the integration of shared and electric mobility services in cities.

The communication activities will be structured by means of a communication strategy, which will distinguish clearly between European-level and site-level communication.

eHUBS will organise outreach activities to take-up cities, a series of webinars which will focus on specific aspects of eHUBS, and it will fully exploit the INTERREG NWE communication tools and online channels. eHUBS will be featured at relevant international conferences and workshops dedicated to sustainable and innovative urban mobility.

The eHUBS Partnership

To find innovative solutions to the challenges of slow user adoption and scalability, eHUBS draws on a wide range of multidisciplinary expertise. The 15-partner consortium, led by the City of Amsterdam, will run until 2021 and is composed of European cities, network organisations, shared e-mobility service providers, and universities.

City of Amsterdam

Contact name: Debbie Dekkers
Country: The Netherlands

The municipality of Amsterdam is a governmental organization of around 12.000 civil servants and a population of approximately 830.000 citizens. As a municipality, our core business is to implement national and local policy. Within the Smart Mobility Programme, we conduct experiments together with partners on the impact of new technologies on mobility.

Amsterdam is the biggest city in the Netherlands. The coming years we face challenges due to the city growth. Realising eHUBS  in close cooperation with inhabitants in living districts is part of the solution. A bottom-up approach and focus on first mile of  travel, policies focused on reducing parking spots. We will cooperate with commercial transport providers and we will build 15-20 eHUBS in a targeted area and will provide space for the commercial shared e-mobility providers.

Polis Network

Contact name: Piero Valmassoi
Country: Belgium

Polis is a network of European cities and regions working together to develop innovative technologies and policies for local transport. Polis supports the exchange of experiences and the transfer of knowledge between European local and regional authorities. Polis fosters cooperation and partnerships across Europe with the aim of making research and innovation in transport accessible to cities and regions. The network and its secretariat actively support the participation of Polis members in European projects. Polis participation in European projects allows to create a framework which facilitates dialogue and exchange between local authorities and the transport research community, the industry, and NGOs.

Taxistop asbl

Contact name: Alice Burton
Country: Belgium

Since 1975, Taxistop is a NGO with a mission “Share to Impact”. Taxistop enables solutions for sharing: ride-sharing, car-sharing and on-demand transport for elderly. Taxistop has developed a great amount of expertise in the organisation and sensibilisation of shared mobility. In September 2017, Taxistop, together with and Infopunt Publieke Ruimte, launched the concept of Mobipunt in Flanders. A Mobipunt is a tailor-made mobility center that combines different types of shared, sustainable and multimodal mobility. Through the eHUBS project and building on the Flemish experience, Taxistop wishes to spread and experiment this idea in Wallonia and Brussels.

Contact name: Jeffrey Matthijs
Country: Belgium
Website: is the Flemish Carsharing network. The main goal is to maximise the ecological, social and economic benefits of car-sharing through: Combining and defending the interests of all car-sharing providers and private car-sharing groups; Representing car-sharing providers in work with (local) governments; Developing the general concept of car-sharing; Developing innovation and pilot projects.

Bayern Innovativ GmbH

Contact name: Emma Costa Argemi
Country: Germany

Bayern Innovativ was founded in 1995 at the initiative and ownership of the Bavarian state government in order to drive innovations in small- and medium-sized enterprises in particular. It brings together experts from industry and science at all levels of the value chain and offers customised services to help them to close existing gaps in technologies, supply chains and sales channels. The network of Bayern Innovativ presently comprise some 80.000 experts from 40.000 companies and research institutes and 80 partner network organisations. The activities focus on different technology and innovation fields, among others (e)mobility. Bayern Innovativ holds the Competence Center E-Mobility Bavaria and the Cluster Automotive.


Contact name: Jaron Borensztajn
Country: The Netherlands

Cargoroo offers shared electric cargo bikes in neighbourhoods of urban environments. Our shared e-cargo bikes are an essential ingredient to the mobility mix of tomorrow and are the solution to moving kids and cargo around town. By doing so we provide a fun, healthy, sustainable and fast alternative to car ownership and city logistics. 


Contact name: Fleur Schraven
Country: The Netherlands

Urbee is the shared e-bike from Amsterdam, ready to open new cities in The Netherlands and Belgium. We believe that with shared e-bikes we contribute to a more liveable city with happier and healthier citizens, whilst reducing travel time and costs for our users. With Urbee e-bikes you get to your destination faster in a more fun and enjoyable way. With an Urbee e-bike you travel efficient, affordable and door-to-door. 

City of Nijmegen

Contact name: Klaas-Jan Gräfe
Country: The Netherlands

Nijmegen is a city of 177.000 inhabitants and is part of the urban region Arnhem Nijmegen with 765.000 inhabitants in 18 municipalities, specialized in health and education, smart energy and sustainable mobility. Nijmegen wants to be an attractive city, where there is space to live, to meet each other and to reside. Nijmegen expects to grow with 15 – 20% until 2030. To facilitate that growth, we aim to stimulate the most sustainable and most space-efficient modes of transport: walking, cycling and public transport. Nijmegen was the European Green Capital of 2018. We are the oldest city in the Netherlands, with a young vibe. Nijmegen works together with subpartner Arnhem in this project.

City of Arnhem (subpartner)

Contact name: Peter Swart
Country: The Netherlands

Arnhem is not only the capital of the province of Gelderland but is also known as the electric capital of The Netherlands. Since 1949, the Municipality of Arnhem has the largest trolley network in Northwest Europe and since 2014 the electric trolleybus 2.0 drives around Arnhem. In addition, for several years the city is home to some world players in the energy sector, such as the national grid operator TenneT, the regional system operator Alliander, DEKRA, DNV GL, MTSA Technopower, Nedstack and Hygear.

Transport for Greater Manchester

Contact name: Christopher Allan
Country: United Kingdom

Transport for Greater Manchester (TfGM) is the body responsible for delivering Greater Manchester’s transport strategy and commitments. We deliver the transport policies set by the Greater Manchester Mayor and the Greater Manchester Combined Authority. We’re responsible for investing in transport services and facilities, to support the regional economy.

Greater Manchester’s exciting programme of capital transport investment is the largest in the UK outside London.  We’re planning for a more sustainable future. Through Greater Manchester’s Low Emission Strategy and Air Quality Action Plan we aim to make our city-region a cleaner, greener and healthier place to live, work and play in.

City of Leuven

Contact name: Tim Asperges
Country: Belgium

Thanks to the university, Leuven has been an innovative city of knowledge for centuries. The historic city centre’s beautiful monuments and rich heritage are a great showcase, as are the modern, urban renewal projects. The attractive historical centre of Leuven is traffic-free. The rest of the city centre is subdivided into 5 districts. Each district has a loop, directing traffic from the ring road to a city centre parking garage and back. Leuven policy favours parking outside the centre, the use of public transport, traveling on foot or by bike. In short, Leuven has all the advantages of a big city in a charming setting with a small-town feel. 



TU Delft

Contact name: Goncalo Homem de Almeida Correia
Country: The Netherlands

Newcastle University

Contact name: Dilum Dissanayake
Country: United Kingdom

Newcastle University is a civic university with a global reputation for academic excellence. It belongs to the Russell Group that represents 24 leading UK universities.  The Russell group universities are committed to maintaining the very best research, an outstanding teaching and learning experience and unrivalled links with business and the public sector. With nearly 6,000 staff and a turnover of almost £490 million it plays a leading role in the economic, social and cultural development of the north east of England. Nearly 17,000 undergraduates and over 6,200 postgraduate students are now engaged in its excellent research-informed degree courses, learning from and working alongside academics who are at the cutting-edge of their discipline.

City of Dreux

Contact name: Lucie Jugé
Country: France

Located between Ile de France and Normandy, less than one hour from Paris, Dreux lies in the heart of a valley bathed by a charming river and bordered by a secular forest. City of nature and History, its green parks and gardens, the public spaces and the historical monuments offer multiple and evocative atmospheres and environments.

After two decades of major urban renewal and development that have shaped the face of the city, Dreux is now seeking to revitalize its downtown, by implementing many projects that integrate housing, economic and commercial development, accessibility and mobility, public space and historical patrimony, equipment and public services.

Dreux loves the challenge, dares and moves forward!

City of Kempten (Allgäu)

Contact name: Thomas Weiss
Country: Germany

Kempten is in the south of Bavaria on the edge of the Alps and is one of the oldest towns in Germany founded by the Romans. It is located in the picturesque glacial countryside with a hilly topography and a beautiful panorama of the Alps. Kempten has about 70 000 inhabitants and is an attractive location for midsized companies, which makes it an important regional center with 30 000 commuters daily. Due to its proximity to the Alps, the cultural sites and sportive possibilities it also is a tourist attraction.

TPR - University of Antwerp

Contact name: Evy Onghena
Country: Belgium

The Department of Transport and Regional Economics of the University of Antwerp (TPR) is committed to be an international centre of excellence for fundamental and applied academic research in transport economics, logistics and regional economics. Its mission is to improve transport and logistics for our society and the business community. Its research results in theories, applications and instruments to enhance existing academic knowledge, transport policy and supply chain environments. Therefore, TPR conducts innovative and multi- disciplinary research within an international context and organizes educational programs from bachelor up to PhD level . TPR pursues results that are academically sound, economically viable and supporting sustainable development. It values a critical and an independent approach and an open communication. TPR’s research activities unfold within a framework of programs stimulated by the university, public authorities at all policy levels, non-profit organizations as well as private or semi-private actors.

Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences (subpartner)

Contact name: Marije van Gent
Country: The Netherlands

The Hogeschool van Amsterdam is a metropolitan university where students, teachers and researchers from different perspectives and disciplines work together with each other, with companies, organizations and (knowledge) institutions. The Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences delivers education and research in all conceivable areas: culture and society, health care, trade, fashion, logistics, aviation, shipping, ICT, sports, and much more. The research group Psychology for Sustainable Cities, part of AUAS, consists of an interdisciplinary scientific team, whose members have backgrounds in behavioural sciences and urban sustainability. The researchers utilise insights from applied psychology as a theoretical framework in setting up behavioural research.


The SHARE-North project focuses on the challenge of making transport in the North Sea Region more sustainable, through a behavioural change towards shared mobility modes.

The Interreg North Sea Region Project SHARE-North includes activities for developing, implementing, promoting and assessing car sharing, bike sharing, ride sharing and other forms of shared mobility in urban and rural areas and employment clusters. Living labs integrate modern technology with activities to support changes in mobility behaviour.

The objectives of the project are manifold: resource efficiency, improving accessibility (incl. non-traditional target groups), increased efficiency in the use of transport infrastructure, reduction of space consumption for transport, improving quality of life and low carbon transport. A strong partnership of public authorities, NGOs and research institutions from the North Sea Region is supplemented by numerous supporting organisations including the OECD International Transport Forum. The partnership stands for transnational cooperation, which is necessary for creating political support, and represents a high level of innovation as shared mobility is not yet widely employed as a part of integrated transport strategies


The ESPRIT (Easily diStributed Personal RapId Transit) project aims to develop a purpose-built, light weight L category electric vehicle that can be stacked together to gain space. Thanks to pioneering coupling systems, up to 8 ESPRIT vehicles can be nested together in a road train, 7 being towed, for an efficient redistribution of fleets and a smartly-balanced and cost efficient transport system. To prove the ESPRIT concept, the project will also work on a suite of modelling and simulation tools to predict, once ESPRIT vehicles are deployed, the economic, social and environmental benefits as well as key operating strategies.

It is anticipated that this concept will encourage citizens to use conventional public transport and carsharing solutions rather than their private vehicles leading to seamless intermodal transport, reduced congestion and significant reduction of noise and air pollution.


With decreasing and ageing populations in many rural areas in the Baltic Sea Region, it is becoming increasingly difficult to keep up public transport and other services that depend on mobility, such as home care or home deliveries. This reduced accessibility of services impacts life quality of people living outside urban centres.

The MAMBA project aims to meet this challenge by promoting sustainable “people-to-service” and “service-to-people” mobility solutions in rural areas. In practice, MAMBA partners will collaborate to improve the integration of existing mobility structures with innovative mobility solutions like citizen buses, mobility as a service (MaaS) and ride sharing applications.

The goal is to maximise mobility and accessibility of services in rural regions, while involving users in the process.


SCORE is an Interreg North Sea Region project, which aims to increasing the efficiency and quality of Public Service Delivery (PSD) in cities to reduce costs by 10%, i.e. 50 million Euros savings for partner cities by 2020.

In SCORE’s demand-driven approach, transnational teams of the nine partners cities f co-define shared challenges for improved municipal services. Cities pool resources and expertise to co-develop innovative solutions to be tested and replicated transnationally in existing urban living labs.


SMARTA is a two-year project that focuses on how to exploit existing mobility policies and solutions in European rural areas and explore ways to support sustainable shared mobility interconnected with public transport. 

Rural public transport services in Europe are under pressure, due to a combination of factors, including austerity measures, demographic change and poor connectivity in terms of transport and telecommunications infrastructure. The absence of a range of mobility services has resulted in rural areas becoming highly car-dependent, with the inevitable outcome that those without cars are dependent on others for rides, leading to reduced possibilities to actively participate in society.

The consortium aims to understand the market and framework in every European country and to assess how sustainable, shared and on-demand mobility solutions can help enhance the travel experience of diverse rural population.


The overall goal of GECKO is to support authorities in developing the most appropriate regulatory framework and governance model, through guidance, recommendations and case studies, for the transition to a new mobility era of cooperative, inclusive, competitive, sustainable and interconnected mobility across all modes, through evidence-based research.

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