CleanMobilEnergy - Clean Mobility and Energy for Cities


Project Summary

A Smart Energy Management System Integrating Renewable Energy and Electric Vehicles

Across North West Europe, cities are increasingly investing in renewable energy production and charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. However, the control systems for energy generation, energy utilisation, energy storage and electric vehicle charging work are currently separate from each other. This results in high costs and CO2 emissions due to energy inefficiencies. 

Electric vehicles are mostly powered by fossil fuel generated electricity. At the same time, renewable energy is inefficiently utilised because production and demand are not synchronised across the city. 

The project CleanMobilEnergy will integrate various renewable energy sources, storage devices, electric vehicles and optimisation of energy consumption through one unique smart energy management system. The development of this intelligent Energy Management System (iEMS) will increase the economic value of renewable energy and significantly reduce CO2 emissions. The iEMS will assure the smart integration through interoperability based on open standards for data flows and analysis tools. 

CleanMobilEnergy will make it possible for renewable energy sources to be used locally, so electric vehicles can be charged with 100 % renewable energy offered at an optimum price. Electrical energy from the grid will only be required when prices are low or renewable energy sources are not available, the iEMS monitors and optimises the system 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

One generic transnational iEMS will be adapted to the 4 specific city pilots in Arnhem, London, Schwäbisch Gmünd and Nottingham. These pilots range from small towns to large cities. The 4 city pilots cover different types of renewable energy, storage and electric vehicles as well as different contexts and diverse city environments.

The 4 CME City Pilots are:

1) Arnhem: medium size city, large renewable energy production, large storage in industrial area;

2) Nottingham: medium size city, large renewable energy production, medium size storage, electric vehicles and bi-directional chargers in a controlled area (depot);

3) London: large city, large renewable energy production at multiple locations, large storage, electric vehicles and bi-directional chargers in controlled areas with separate grid (depot);

4) Schwäbisch Gmünd: small city, small renewable energy production, storage facilities and electric bikes in residential area.

The city pilots will utilise different state-of-the art storage media in various environments, which are representative of North West Europe and are easily replicated in other cities across Europe. Specifically in London and Nottingham, for example, electric vehicles themselves will be used to power the buildings and depot by using innovative bi-directional chargers controlled by the integrated energy management system iEMS. In Arnhem, on the other hand, renewable energy will be supplied to ships in the harbour adjacent to its industrial. These pilots were chosen to represent a wide range of city sizes and environments, which are essential to developing a widely applicable system for future implementation across Europe. 

 

An electric bus charging compound in pilot ctiy Nottingham, UK

Project Partners

  • POLIS Promotion of Operational Links and Integrated Services aisbl

    98,B Troonstraat
    Brussels
    1050
    Belgium

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  • Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology

    5 Avenue des Hauts-Fourneaux
    Esch-sur-Alzette
    L-4362
    Luxembourg

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  • Centre of Excellence for Low Carbon and Fuel Cell Technologies

    5 Oakwood Drive, Advanced Technology Innovation Centre
    Loughborough
    LE11 3TU
    United Kingdom

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  • Transport for London

    197 Blackfriars Road
    London
    SE1 8NJ
    United Kingdom

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  • Europäisches Institut für Innovation - Technologie e. V.

    1/1 Universitätspark
    Schwäbisch-Gmünd
    73525
    Germany

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  • Nottingham City Council

    Loxley House Station Street
    Nottingham
    NG2 3NG
    United Kingdom

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  • Walvoorzieningen Nederland B.V.

    4 Wilgenlaan
    Arnhem
    6841 AR
    Netherlands

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  • Institut d’aménagement et d’urbanisme de l’île-de-France

    15 rue Falguière
    Paris
    75015
    France

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  • Gemeente Arnhem

    53 Eusebiusbuitensingel
    Arnhem
    6828 HZ
    Netherlands

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Lead partner

Organisation Contact name Address Email Website
Gemeente Arnhem Peter Swart 53 Eusebiusbuitensingel
Arnhem
6828 HZ
Netherlands
peter.swart@arnhem.nl www.arnhem.nl
Name Contact Name Email Country
POLIS Promotion of Operational Links and Integrated Services aisbl Gabriela Barrera gbarrera@polisnetwork.eu Belgium
Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology Ulrich Leopold ulrich.leopold@list.lu Luxembourg
Centre of Excellence for Low Carbon and Fuel Cell Technologies Keith Budden keith.budden@cenex.co.uk United Kingdom
Transport for London Mark Poulton markpoulton@tfl.gov.uk United Kingdom
Europäisches Institut für Innovation - Technologie e. V. Chris Ashe c.ashe@eifi.eu Germany
Nottingham City Council Rasita Chudasama rasita.chudasama@nottinghamcity.gov.uk United Kingdom
Walvoorzieningen Nederland B.V. Jan Fransen fransen@wvnld.nl Netherlands
Institut d’aménagement et d’urbanisme de l’île-de-France Dany Nguyen-Luong dany.nguyen-luong@iau-idf.fr France

Events



CME News


Ports and the City (and CME)

Posted on

Last week, CME partners from the Netherlands presented and participated at an international event organized by the city of Nijmegen (Green Capital of Europe 2018) as part of their CLINSH project. The discussions and presentations concerned clean inland shipping; i.e. shore power, electric and hybrid barges, etc. Read More

CleanMobilEnergy Press Release, 25 October 2017

Posted on

The European Commission has approved through its INTERREG NWE Programme a three and a half-year project “Clean Mobility and Energy for Cities” (CleanMobilEnergy - CME) to facilitate the uptake of low carbon technologies, products, processes and services in its Cities and towns that have high energy saving potential, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in North West Europe (NWE). Read More


The first city pilot, Arnhem, is a medium sized city in the Netherlands with renewable energy already serving as a large share of its energy production. With the implementation of CME, renewable energy will supplied to ships in the harbor adjacent to its industrial area through a cold ironing system.

The project location for the Arnhem investment is located in an industrial area, where a solar field will be development(4,8 MWp), and in the near future 4 wind turbines.
The solar field is not part of the investements, but will be the only provider of renewable energy to this pilot. Connected to the solar field, partners will jointly develop:

  • A Lithium-ion storage facility of 500 kWh, including all hardware (cables, small buildings etc.);
  • A cold ironing (shore to ship power supply) installation for 18 river barges in the Nieuwe Haven;
  • A charging plaza with 4 fast chargers for 40 passenger cars and taxis;
  • A CME-system location (computer plus software) to govern energy flows.

One notable feature about this pilot city is its charging plazas. The charging plaza featured in the images above was installed in Arnhem for public use, and is composed of 16 charge points on one grid connection. A computer directs different levels of power to different vehicles, depending on the vehicles' need. Additionally, Arnhem aims to connect cold ironing (shore-to-ship power) to a solar field through effective RES storage and the iEMS. Arnhem will utilise wind turbines as well, converting wind energy to charge EVs.

In CME, the Arnhem pilot is the only larger project which will be developed in public space. This project will show that the combination of a huge renewable energy source and electric mobility (ships and cars) will provide a feasible business case even in a public environment. The efficiency of the solar field will be enhanced, which leads to less CO2 emissions on larger scale, and the ships and cars will only use 100 % renewable energy.

Gemeente Arnhem, the CME project leader, will be hosting this city pilot.

Nottingham is a medium sized city in the UK with a large share of its energy production sourced from renewable energy sources. Nottingham has large ultra-low emission vehicles (ULEV) funds, as well as the UK’s largest solar installation and the first Municipal Energy Company. Even before CME, Nottingham has a medium sized renewable energy storage capacity (is the most energy autonomous city in the UK), as well as electric vehicles and bi-directional chargers in controlled areas or depots.

In Nottingham, electric vehicles themselves will be used to power the buildings and depot by using innovative bi-directional chargers controlled by the integrated energy management system iEMS.

This City Pilot will deliver:

  • 40 fully electric vans and cars operated by Nottingham City Council and based overnight at the depot;
  • Installation of a fast charging hub with up to 5 Electric Vehicle charging points;
  • Installation of 88kWp of PVs;
  • The PV will feed into the building’s electrical infrastructure and be used either for EV charging, or in the building’s current energy load;
  • Installation of a 378kW/676kWh lithium ion battery controlled by a site energy management centre;
  • Installation of 40 “vehicle 2 grid” (V2G) bidirectional charge points to enable the vehicles to be used for energy storage and grid balancing;
  • The iEMS.

CME project partner, CENEX, will oversee the city pilot of Nottingham with the help of Nottingham City Council (NCC). CENEX also provides technical and commercial support for demonstration projects in Nottingham, with a specific emphasis on the integration of electric vehicles into the energy system.

London is a large city in the United Kingdom with a sizable amount of renewable energy production at multiple locations. London has a significant capacity for renewable energy storage, in addition to electric vehicles and bi-directional chargers in controlled areas with separate grids (depots).

In London, electric vehicles themselves will be used to power the buildings and depot by using innovative bi-directional chargers controlled by the integrated energy management system iEMS. Further, photovoltaic (PV) sites utilised in CME will combine PV generating capacity with energy storage, charging infrastructure and grid connections to the London Underground and/or national electricity grid.

Through the implementation of CME in London, the city will acquire:

  • 2 individual generating facilities at Transport for London (TfL) buildings across the city;
  • 2 Battery energy storage facilities each of ~100kWh, using second-life batteries, including all hardware (cables, containerised housings etc.);
  • Charging facilities totalling up to 20 chargers supporting up to 50 TfL support fleet vehicles;
  • Smart energy management at one of the buildings hosting the PV or another suitable TfL location
  • Linking of the charging and generating sites over the TFL and/or national power grids;
  • An iEMS to govern energy flows across the generation and use network.

Energy storage will be connected to EV charging stations, solar PV installations and (potentially) regenerative braking energy from the London Underground over the power grid; meanwhile, the iEMS will manage energy flows. This will lead to an increase in uptake of sustainably powered electric vehicles in the TfL fleet which represents an important saving in CO2 emissions and reduction of other emissions, in comparison with the current, largely diesel-fuelled fleet.

The London city pilot is being designed together with the other partners, led by LIST. All installations (i.e. PV system installations) will take place on TfL properties.

The final city pilot, Schwäbisch Gmünd, is a small city in Germany with a population of around 60,000. Although Schwäbisch Gmünd boasts the 2nd largest solar park of
Germany, the city utilises a small amount of renewable energy in relation to its total energy production. Here, there are small scale RES storage facilities, and electric bikes are being used in residential areas.

The actions of this city pilot:

  • Various houses with PV systems installed and supplied with domestic battery storage, all linked to the iEMS;
  • Each house will include 84 battery tubes connected to the installed PV, focused on charging low emission vehicles (LEVs), especially for short distances;
  • Charging and exchange stations for batteries serve as a temporary storage and are integrated in the electricity grid;
  • Analysis of data usage and electricity flows, etc.;
  • Establishment of a lease and rental vehicle infrastructure with integrated LEV and battery exchange stations;
  • Use of smart battery storage system for grid regulation.

The goal of the iEMS is to induce a high level of energy autonomy at small city scale. CME will allow for this by managing various solar installations and implementing LEV-charging infrastructure and buildings where energy is consumed and stored. The iEMS will manage and optimise this energy production and consumption.

The city of Schwäbisch Gmünd is represented by the CME partner, the EIfI-Tech, a pan European organisation with an office located in Schwäbisch-Gmünd, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The city strongly supports the EIfI-Tech's technological implementations. The EIfI-Tech and its regional partnership (Unicorn Energy GmbH, e-Mobil Baden-Württemberg and the City of Schwäbisch-Gmünd) will manage this city pilot.

 

E-car and solar park photo credits: Schimkat Fotodesign 

 

 

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